Docker image

A Docker image is a template for creating Docker containers. It's an executable package that contains everything you need to run an application: code, runtime environment, libraries, environment variables, and configuration files.

A Docker image consists of layers. Each change is written to a new layer.

  • When pushing or pulling a Docker image, operations are performed only on the layers that were changed.
  • The layers of the source Docker image are shared by all its versions and are not duplicated.

Version control

Docker image version control is carried out using tags and digests.

  • Tags are assigned by the user. If no tag is specified, Docker CLI assigns the latest tag by default while pushing a Docker image to the registry. Tags are unique within a repository and can be changed. A Docker image can have multiple tags.

    Important

    The latest tag doesn't mean that the Docker image was the latest one pushed.

    We don't recommend overwriting tags. Use a unique tag for each Docker image version. This way you can use the same Docker image version on all your VMs with identical specifications and more easily identify causes of problems.

  • A digest is generated automatically, is unique, and identifies the exact version of the Docker image.

You can access a specific version of the Docker image in one of the following ways:

  • <registry>/<image name>:<tag>
  • <registry>/<image name>@<digest>

A Docker image and all its versions are stored in a repository.