Relationship between service resources
The main entity used in Managed Service for PostgreSQL is a database cluster.
Each cluster consists of one or more database hosts, which are virtual machines with DBMS servers deployed on them. Cluster hosts may reside in different availability zones. Learn more about Yandex.Cloud geography.
A cluster consisting of multiple hosts has automatic failover, because the hosts can take over each other's functions as the cluster's primary replica.
A single-host cluster is cheaper, but it doesn't guarantee fault tolerance.
When creating a cluster, specify:
Host class: A VM template for deploying the cluster hosts. For a list of available host classes and their characteristics, see Host classes.
Environment: The environment where the cluster will be deployed:
PRODUCTION: For stable versions of your apps.
PRESTABLE: For testing, including the Managed Service for PostgreSQL service itself. The Prestable environment is sooner updated with new features, improvements, and bug fixes. However, not every update ensures backward compatibility.
A database cluster created in a folder can be accessed by all VMs connected to the same cloud network. Learn more about networking.
The service can automatically access the system and diagnostic information of your databases to plot monitoring graphs and maintain the health of your cluster. The service never queries or uses the data that you saved to the database.