Deduplication

FIFO queues implement message deduplication by using a special set of parameters. These parameters ensure that messages are delivered and processed only once and in the order in which they are sent.

ID-based deduplication

Messages that are sent to a FIFO queue are assigned an ID used for deduplication of enqueued messages (MessageDeduplicationId). If a message with an ID is received, all other messages with the same ID will be queued but will not be delivered to a consumer within the 5-minute deduplication interval. If no ID is specified, the message will not be sent to a FIFO queue.

Each message sent to a FIFO queue must have a unique deduplication ID. If a message is delivered, duplicate messages with the same ID will not be delivered.

The MessageDeduplicationId parameter is available to the message consumer and can be used for troubleshooting message delivery issues.

If a message is sent successfully but the response acknowledging its receipt is lost, Message Queue will not detect a duplicate if a message with the same ID arrives after the deduplication window.

Content-based deduplication

Content-based deduplication can be enabled on a queue. Messages sent to such a queue without a deduplication ID will be assigned one automatically. The ID is generated using an SHA-256 hash of the message body.

The deduplication mechanism depends on the settings for queue and message deduplication:

  1. If a sent message has no deduplication ID and content-based deduplication is disabled on a FIFO queue, an error will be returned to the producer.
  2. If the sent message has a deduplication ID and content-based deduplication is enabled on the FIFO queue, the ID value from the message will be used.

Messages with duplicate content arriving in a queue with content-based deduplication enabled during the deduplication window are considered duplicates, and only one copy of the message is delivered to a consumer.

If you send a message to a queue with content-based deduplication enabled and then send another message with the same content but with a deduplication ID, both messages will be considered duplicates and only one of them will be delivered to a consumer.

Repeated attempts to receive messages

When receiving a message from a FIFO queue, the receive request attempt ID is used (ReceiveRequestAttemptId).

If an application lost its connection to Message Queue, this ID can be used to retrieve a set of messages again. The parameter can be used for 5 minutes after calling the ReceiveMessage method. When requesting messages, you can specify the ID explicitly or use automatically generated IDs.

Repeated attempts to receive messages with the same ReceiveRequestAttemptId are possible if the content and visibility of a message have not changed. During the visibility timeout, repeated requests for messages with the same ReceiveRequestAttemptId will return the same messages with the identical ReceiptHandle.