List of supported SSML phonemes

Languages that support SSML phonemes (tag <phoneme>):

Russian

List of phonemes supported in Russian (ru-RU). More about Russian phonology.

IPA X-SAMPA Description Examples
Consonants
b b voiced bilabial plosive рыба [rɨbə]
b' palatalized voiced bilabial plosive бюро [bʲʊro]
d d voiced alveolar plosive дом [dom]
d' palatalized voiced alveolar plosive дядя [dʲadʲə]
f f voiceless labiodental fricative форт [fort]
f' palatalized voiceless labiodental fricative финал [fʲɪnal]
g g voiced velar plosive гол [gol]
ɡʲ g' palatalized voiced velar plosive герой [ɡʲɪroj]
j j palatal approximant я [ja], дизайн [dʲzajn]
k k voiceless velar plosive кот [kot], ку [ku]
k' palatalized voiceless velar plosive кино [kʲɪno], кю [kʲu]
l l alveolar lateral approximant луч [lʊt͡ɕ]
l' palatalized alveolar lateral approximant лес [lʲes]
m m bilabial nasal мама [mamə]
m' palatalized bilabial nasal меч [mʲet͡ɕ]
n n alveolar nasal нос [nos]
n' palatalized alveolar nasal няня [nʲanʲə]
p p voiceless bilabial plosive папа [papə]
p' palatalized voiceless bilabial plosive пена [pʲenə]
r r alveolar trill рок [rok]
r' palatalized alveolar trill рис [rʲis]
s s voiceless alveolar fricative суд [sʊd]
s' palatalized voiceless alveolar fricative сено [sʲenə], русь [rʊsʲ]
ɕ: s: long voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative щит [ɕ:it]
ʂ s` voiceless retroflex fricative шест [ʂest]
t t voiceless alveolar plosive танк [tank]
t' palatalized voiceless alveolar plosive тётя [tʲotʲə]
t͡s ts voiceless alveolar affricate царь [t͡sarʲ]
t͡ɕ ts\ voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate чуть [t͡ɕʉtʲ]
v v voiced labiodental fricative вон [von]
v' palatalized voiced labiodental fricative весы [vʲɪsɨ]
x x voiceless velar fricative хор [xor]
x' palatalized voiceless velar fricative химия [xʲimʲə]
z z voiced alveolar fricative зуб [zub]
z' palatalized voiced alveolar fricative зима [zʲɪma]
ʑ: z: long voiced alveolo-palatal fricative езжу [jeʑːʊ], вожжи [voʑ:ɨ̞]
ʐ z` voiced retroflex fricative жена [ʐɨ̞na]
Vowels
ə @ mid central vowel корова [kɐrovə], молоко [məlɐ′ko]
a a open front unrounded vowel там [tam], мяч [mʲat͡ɕ], яма [jamə]
ɐ 6 near-open central vowel каравай [kərɐvaj], голова [gəlɐva]
e e close-mid front unrounded vowel печь [pʲet͡ɕ]
ɛ E open-mid front unrounded vowel это [ɛtə]
i i close front unrounded vowel лист [lʲist]
ɪ I near-close front unrounded vowel дерево [dʲerʲɪvə]
ɨ̞ I\ near-close central unrounded vowe жена [ʐɨ̞na]
ɨ 1 close central unrounded vowel рыло [rɨlə]
o o close-mid back rounded vowel кот [kot]
u u close back rounded vowel муж [muʂ], вьюга [vʲugə]
ʊ U near-close back rounded vowel сухой [sʊxo̞j], мужчина [mʊɕːinə]

English, American

List of phonemes supported in English, American (en-US). Learn more about English phonology.

Tip

We recommend always using stress markers in English, otherwise the pronunciation may be incorrect. The stress marker is placed at the beginning of the syllable.

IPA X-SAMPA Description Examples
Consonants
b b voiced bilabial plosive body [ˈbɑː.di]
d d voiced alveolar plosive dance [dæns]
d͡ʒ dZ voiced postalveolar affricate job [ˈd͡ʒɑːb]
ð D voiced dental fricative them [ðɛm]
f f voiceless labiodental fricative left [left]
ɡ g voiced velar plosive goal [ɡoʊl]
h h voiceless glottal fricative habit [ˈhæb.ɪt]
j j palatal approximant yet [jɛt]
k k voiceless velar plosive clear [klɪr]
l l alveolar lateral approximant list [lɪst]
m m bilabial nasal smart [smɑːrt]
n n alveolar nasal name [neɪm]
ŋ N velar nasal finger [ˈfɪŋ.ɡɚ]
p p voiceless bilabial plosive point [pɔɪnt]
ɹ r\ alveolar approximant ready [ɹɛd]
s s voiceless alveolar fricative search [sɝːt͡ʃ]
ʃ S voiceless postalveolar fricative short [ʃɔːrt]
t t voiceless alveolar plosive time [taɪm]
t͡ʃ tS voiceless postalveolar affricate choose [t͡ʃuːz]
θ T voiceless dental fricative theme [θiːm]
v v voiced labiodental fricative vine [vaɪn]
w w labial-velar approximant wait [weɪt]
z z voiced alveolar fricative zone [zoʊn]
ʒ Z voiced postalveolar fricative casual [ˈkæʒ.u.əl]
Vowels
ə @ mid-central vowel again [əˈɡen]
ɚ @` mid-central r-colored vowel over [ˈoʊ.vɚ]
æ { near open-front unrounded vowel apple [ˈæp.əl]
aI diphthong ice [aɪs]
aU diphthong hour [aʊr]
ɑ A long open-back unrounded vowel box [bɑːks]
eI diphthong cake [keɪk]
ɝ 3` open mid-central unrounded r-colored vowel early [ˈɝː.li]
ɛ E open mid-front unrounded vowel end [ɛnd]
i i long close front unrounded vowel east [iːst]
ɪ I near-close near-front unrounded vowel gift [ɡɪft]
oU diphthong over [ˈoʊ.vɚ]
ɔ O long open mid-back rounded vowel bought [bɔːt]
ɔɪ OI diphthong choise [t͡ʃɔɪs]
u u long close-back rounded vowel move [muːv]
ʊ U near-close near-back rounded vowel book [bʊk]
ʌ V open-mid-back unrounded vowel us [ʌs]
Other
ˈ " первичное ударение. (primary stress), ставится в начале слога Alabama [ˌæləˈbæmə]
ˌ % вторичное ударение (secondary stress), ставится в начале слога Alabama [ˌæləˈbæmə]
. . точка используется для произношения по слогам (syllable boundary) A la ba ma [ˌæ.lə.ˈbæ.mə]
: : двоеточие используется для выделения длинных гласных (ɑ, i, ɔ, u, ɚ). Это необязательный символ, в длинных гласных он уже учтен. Например, произношение zu и zuː будет одинаковым. zoo [zu:], thought [θɔːt]

Turkish

List of phonemes supported in Turkish (tr-TR). More about Turkish phonology.

IPA X-SAMPA Description Examples
Consonants
ɾ 4 alveolar flap uçurum [ut͡ʃurum]
ɾ̝̊ 4_0_r voiceless fricated alveolar flap misafir [misafiɾ]
ɾ̝ 4_r fricated alveolar flap rakip [rakip]
b b voiced bilabial plosive bakır [bakɯɾ]
c c voiceless palatal plosive kim [kim]
d d voiced alveolar plosive demir [dɛmíɾ̝̊]
d͡ʒ dZ voiced postalveolar affricate canlı [dʒanɫɯ]
f f voiceless labiodental fricative faranjit [faranʒit]
g g voiced velar plosiv gol [ɡol]
h h voiceless glottal fricative hamur [hamuɾ]
j j palatal approximant yatırım [jät̪ɯɾɯm]
ɟ J\ voiced palatal plosive genç [ɟent͡ʃ]
k k voiceless velar plosive akvaryum [ɑkvɑɾjum]
l l alveolar lateral approximant alev [alev]
ɫ 5 velarized alveolar lateral approximant kolay [kɔɫaj]
m m bilabial nasal maşa [maʃa]
n n alveolar nasal kanal [kanaɫ]
p p voiceless bilabial plosive edep [edep]
s s voiceless alveolar fricative seslendirme [seslendirme]
ʃ S voiceless postalveolar fricative kaş [kaʃ]
t t voiceless alveolar plosive tükürük [tʏkʏrʏk]
t͡ʃ tS voiceless postalveolar affricate çorba [t͡ʃoɾbɑ]
v v voiced labiodental fricative vernik [ʋeɾnik]
z z voiced alveolar fricative yazlık [jazɫɯk]
ʒ Z voiced postalveolar fricative joker [ʒɔkɛr]
Vowels
ø 2 close-mid front rounded vowel kör [køɾ], gözlük [ɟœzlyk]
œ 9 open-mid front rounded vowel banliyö [bänɫijø]
a a open front unrounded vowel balık [bɑɫɯk]
a: a: long open front unrounded vowel veya [vɛjaː]
æ { near-open front unrounded vowel gözlem [ɟœzlɛm], güven [ɟʏven]
e e close-mid front unrounded vowel deri [dɛri]
ɛ E open-mid front unrounded vowel dede [dede]
i i close front unrounded vowel birlik [biɾ̝̊]
i: i: long close front unrounded vowel izah [izax]
ɪ I near-close near-front unrounded vowel keçi [ket͡ʃi]
ɯ M close back unrounded vowel kıl [kɯɫ]
o o close-mid back rounded vowel dost [dost]
o: o: long close-mid back rounded vowel dolma [doɫma]
u u close back rounded vowel kur [kur]
u: u: long close back rounded vowel ruhum [ruxum]
ʊ U near-close near-back rounded vowel dolu [doɫu]
y y close front rounded vowel gün [ɟyn]
ʏ Y near-close near-front rounded vowel ı [ɑʃɯ]